INFLAMMATORY DISEASES IN CHILDREN. OSTEOMYELITIS IN CHILDREN

Emily Bosibory Obaigwa, student of 5th course

Supervisor - Dr. Vladimir Babych

Sumy State University, Department Of Traumatology

 

Definition: osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone that can occur after a spread of an infection from the blood stream (hematogenous osteomyelitis), after spread of another infection (such as arthritis)

Causes: staphylococcus is the most common pathogen, followed be streptococcus pneumonia and streptococcus pyogenes, pseudomonas aeruginosa, bartonella henselae, salmonella, kingella kingae, anaerobes such as bacteroides, fusibacterium, clostridium and peptostreptococcus rarely cause osteomyelitis.

Diagnosis: laboratory studies, radiography, MRI (positron emission tomographic (PET) scanning has accuracy similar to MRI), radionuclide bone scanning, CT scanning, ultrasonography, indium scanning, gallium scanning.

Treatment: medical care (optimal antibiotic selection), surgical treatment, drained in the infected area, remove diseased bone and tissue, restore blood flow to the bone.

Prevention: if you’ve been told that you have an increased risk of infection, talk to your doctor about ways to prevent infections from occurring reducing your risk of infection will also reduce your risk of developing osteomyelitis. In general, take precaution to avoid cuts and scrapes, which give germs easy access to your body. If you do get any cuts and scrapes, clean the area immediately and apply a clean bandage. Check wounds frequently for signs of infection.