THE ROLE OF ORAL HYGIENE IN THE PREVENTION OF DENTAL DISEASES

Parisa Pour Khosrow, student of 3th course

Scientific advisor – candidate of medical science M.B. Medvedeva

National O.O.Bohomolets Medical University, department of conservative dentistry

 

Good oral hygiene helps to prevent dental problems - mainly plaque and calculus which are the main causes of gum disease and caries (tooth decay). Good oral hygiene results in a mouth that looks and smells healthy. This means:  1).our teeth are clean and free of debris; 2) gums are pink and do not hurt or bleed when we brush or floss.

Maintaining good oral hygiene is one of  the most important things we can do for our teeth and gums. Healthy teeth not only enable us to look and feel good, they make it possible to eat and speak properly. Good oral health is important to our overall well-being.

Daily preventive care, including proper brushing and flossing, will help stop problems before they develop and is much less painful, expensive, and worrisome than treating conditions that have been allowed to progress.

In between regular visits to the dentist, there are simple steps that each of us can take to greatly decrease the risk of developing tooth decay, gum disease and other dental problems. These include: 1). brushing thoroughly twice a day and flossing daily; 2) eating a balanced diet and limiting snacks between meals; 3) using dental products that contain fluoride, including toothpaste;4) rinsing with a fluoride mouthrinse; 5) children under 12 drink fluoridated water or take a fluoride supplement if they live in a non-fluoridated area.

Oral health starts from pregnancy period and сontinues during all life.