The publication of this study aid is caused by the conversion to the credit – modular training system in concordance with new training program “Surgery” for students of higher medical educational institutions of the IV accreditation level (Kiev, 2008).

Surgery, especially emergency surgery, is very important for all physicians. It starts at the IV academic year after finishing fundamental disciplines such as pathologic anatomy, pathologic physiology, pharmacology, topographic anatomy, operative surgery and initial clinical disciplines: general surgery, propaedeutics of internal diseases. Surgery forms the basic knowledge for successful study of the special branches of internal diseases.

The general purpose is assimilation of theoretical and practical knowledge about aetiology, pathogenesis, typical clinical manifestations, and methods of diagnosis, conservative treatment, operative treatment, rehabilitation of acute surgical diseases for general practice physicians.

Concrete purposes are:

interpretation of aetiology, pathogenesis, classifications, typical clinical manifestations of the most frequent acute surgical diseases;

formation of algorithms of diagnosis, conservative and operative treatment, postoperative treatment and rehabilitation;

differential diagnostics of acute diseases of abdominal cavity, retroperitoneal space and chest cavity;

evaluation of the results of laboratory tests and additional methods of investigations in patients with surgical abdominal pathology;

identification of the indications for laparoscopic and paracentetic (under ultrasonic or CT-scan control) techniques.